Science is a way of understanding the universe which rest on assumption and accumulations. In other words, science is one way of interpreting the world around us. In hopes to cure human infatuation and curiosity, philosophers created a science which studies the human mind, Psychology. Psychologist merely document mental functions and analyze personality and behavior answering the many questions we have about ourselves and the world around us.
Psychologist use a scientific approach to answer these many questions diverged within us. However, science relies on several assumptions, assumptions are given but not proven. Order is given to the universe, with some predictable pattern. Science is being skeptical, however, making sense of all accumulations and data. The purpose of science “Is to discover what things have a reliable pattern versus what things happen by chance.” Science uses an empirical approach, which states that, the only sources of knowledge comes through our senses, sight, hearing, tasting, etc. Thus, empiricism is the view that knowledge comes from, or is based upon experience. Empirical evidence refers to data collected through direct observation rather than faith or pure reason. This is what is meant when psychology is described as a “empirically based discipline.”
Science goes beyond the use of empiricism, but also employ, systematic empiricism. Observation is necessary in acquiring knowledge, however, in a more structured way to manipulate an increased understanding of the world. Empiricism becomes systematic when it is structured in such ways allowing us to learn. With any given observation, a systematic approach allows us to use a data base, relevant to the theory, so that they can support or refute the theory. First, we must state the purpose and draw up a hypothesis. Then, dispute this information into a theoretical experiment, one that is structured and appropriately tests the hypothesis. After experiments have been tested, we must…